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Every student begins their major with a general idea of their job prospects. However, some industries are dynamic and ever-changing. This leads to the creation of new jobs, which expands the career paths you can take.
Staying up to date on the industry trends is important to know what new roles are available and how you can fit into them. It allows you to make adjustments or widen your perspective on what your major can do for you.
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Here’s a list of careers available to computer science majors.
1. Systems Analyst
A systems analyst works closely with independent clients or members of management in companies and institutions to advise and ensure computer systems function efficiently.
They diagnose, test, and implement new system functions that benefit end users. A systems analyst role requires the candidate to be knowledgeable in different operating systems, hardware, and programming languages.
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2. Web Developer
A web developer’s primary role is to build and sustain a website. They handle a site’s visual aspect by ensuring it’s appealing as well as technical elements like the site’s performance and capacity. In some rare cases, a web developer is tasked with curating website content.
These are the types of web developer roles available:
- Front-end developer
- Back-end developer
- Fullstack developer
3. Software Engineer
The role of a software engineer revolves around designing and maintaining computer software and operating systems. They perform consultations and conduct software analysis and installations. Besides building computer programs, they also maintain software built by other developers.
4. Database Administrator
Software can be used in a variety of ways, including data management. Hence, a data administrator uses software to store and analyze data. They are responsible for every aspect of managing a database, including:
- Performance monitoring
Basically, a database administrator ensures an organization’s database and applications are functioning as intended.
5. AI Engineer
The rise in programs driven by artificial intelligence, like self-driving cars, results from AI engineers’ work. They primarily use AI and machine learning methods to build systems and softwares that make functions easier and generate profit for businesses.
In essence, the function of artificial intelligence is to imitate human behavior; hence engineers work toward achieving that. To become an AI engineer, you’ll have to have a mix of knowledge in data science, data engineering, and software engineering.
6. Security Analyst
A security analyst is the first line of defense against cyber threats. They protect data systems and computer networks from attacks and strive to keep sensitive information secure.
To perform this task, they look for security leaks and then test and implement new methods for keeping the system secure. Security analysts’ work is also integral after a cyber attack. They’ll advise companies on how they can recover or restore data and systems to get things up and running again.
7. Data Scientist
A data scientist is an analytical expert responsible for collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data. They collect large amounts of data and distill it in a digestible format through machine learning, models, and experimentation. Once they’ve found a pattern, they advise an organization on how to make better business decisions through findings from the data.
8. Game Developer
Game developers rely on creative and technical skills to design and develop video games. They code graphic details, implement features and test different versions until the game is ready for consumers. Some of their responsibilities include developing game ideas, working with designers, monitoring game stability, and updating code if necessary.
9. Hardware Engineer
The design, testing, and production of physical elements for a computer system is called hardware engineering. The individuals who perform these tasks are hardware engineers. It’s a highly technical field that requires a great depth of knowledge in computer hardware. Besides manufacturing physical components for computer systems, hardware engineers also redesign hardware to work with software depending on user needs.
10. IT Technician
An IT technician is responsible for the installation and maintenance of computer systems and networks to maintain efficiency. Generally, entry-level positions are less demanding than mid to senior-level roles, but knowledge of software and hardware elements is key to succeeding as an IT technician.
Whereas the common notion of an IT technician is to provide printer and desktop support, the role of an individual with a computer science degree can be as complex as designing computer networks.
Computer science is one of the most exciting areas of study in the digital age. There’s an increasing number of students enrolling in the program, which is complemented by a high demand for IT professionals in the workplace.
As the IT industry continues to expand, the general consensus is that there will be a host of opportunities available for computer science majors. However, finding your place in the industry may not be as straightforward as in other sectors, so knowing where technology is heading and how you can fit into that is important.
The professions listed above highlight some of the more popular career paths you can take; however, more exist. Keep a close eye on the industry and play on your strengths and capabilities to find a profession that’s well-suited for you.